Part 2
The Origin of
Futhark Runes
Copyright Audrey Fletcher
Adelaide, South Australia
2000
Updated 2010
The following chart interprets the progressive development of the Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs, down through the Ages, to the Futhark Runes. To facilitate understanding, and eliminate confusion, the chart follows the modern alphabet sequence, rather than that of the Futhark Alphabet.
Ancient
Egyptian
Hieroglyph
Proto
Sinaitic
c1500BC
Phoenician
Script
c1000BC
Archaic
Greek
c800BC
Futhark
Rune
c300AD
Modern
English
2000AD
Bull's horns
An ox
'a'
alp
bet
Leg     Temple
House
Right angle
gimel
ansuz
berkana
kenaz
Abtu  Fish
dag
dagaz
Fish / Day
Salutation
'e'
ehwaz
fehu
Slug / Snail
gimel
Right angle
gebo
Tree of Life
het
Ladder
Hand and
Forearm
isa
jera
kaf
kenaz
lauguz
lam
mannaz
Ox-goad
Water and Cubit
mem
Water
Nun
nun
Water
nauthiz
'ayin
Eye
Eye
Eyes: Ra and Ari
Eye of the Day
'b'
'c'
'd'
'f'
'g'
'h'
'i'
'i'
'k'
'l'
'm'
'n'
'o'
As U and W are recent there is a need to question translation
hagalaz
othala
ingwaz
uruz
thurisaz
raidho
wunjo
eihwaz
peordhro
elhaz
sowilo
tiwaz
Salutation
he
Antenna
NB:  Phoenician "waw" above is ancestor of U and Y
Oil Lamp
Oil Lamp
yod
yod
Hand and
Forearm
Hand and
Forearm
Hand and
Forearm
Oil Lamp
Lamp with Flames
'p'
Opening
peh
'r'
Ra
ra
's'
sin
Sedge Plant
't'
Sunrise and Tau
taw
'u'
'u'
'z'
zayin
Bird
Bird
Hand and
Forearm
'i'
yod
Oil Lamp
gimel
'c'
'th'
qaf
Thoth
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We have just taken the second step in
deciphering the Runic or secret meaning
of the Futhark Alphabet.
The Origins of Writing
and the Alphabet
Pincers: Thoth
Thoth
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